Before specifying what the differences are between a pool table and a billiard table it’s important to know the difference between the actual games themselves. Both of these sports originate from a group of sports known as ‘cue sports’. The basic premise of all cue sports is that they are played using a cue stick, and billiard balls which are placed on a table covered with cloth. The table will usually include boundaries made from rubber or leather cushioning. Billiards is the original game that founded the cue sports group, and can actually be split into three subdivisions one of which is called pocket billiards or what we now know as pool. The name pool originated from a tradition that began in the 18th century. The game was played in rooms called poolrooms where horse racing gamblers would pool their money and play matches off the records.
What is a billiards Table?
The objective of Billiards is different to that of pool and because of that, the core difference between the tables is that Billiards table does not have pockets. The standard dimensions of a Billiard table is 9.3 feet by 4.7 feet. The size of the balls use are larger than the ones used in pool and usually at least 3 are used (one red, one white and one yellow), however the weight is very similar. The playing surface of the table is commonly made from a fabric originating from worsted wool and is often green in colour as a symbol of the lawn games from which cue sports originated. The reason for using this kind of fabric is that there is less traction between the table and the ball making them mover faster than a pool ball would which is essential for the fast paced nature of Billiards.The cues used are quite short and feature a thick butt with a fast taper and wooden pin joint.
What is a Pool Table?
The game of pool requires very different equipment to that of Billiards. Essentially the game works with an all-larger system than Billiards, however this doesn’t mean that it requires more skill to excel at the game, as Billiards features a very complicated set of rules even though there is such as low number of balls used. The basic design of a pool table features a rectagonal area that consists of 6 enclosed pockets at the sides of the table, 1 at each corner and 1 in the middle of each of the longest sides. The cloth covering the table is usually created from a type of felt which makes the movement of the balls much slower than with Billiards. There may also be some markings on the felt such as a triangular outline which indicates where the balls should be racked before play begins. There are also different variations of pool which require different kinds of balls, however the standard is one set of striped balls and one set of coloured balls with one white cue ball and also a black ball which is always the final ball to be potted by the winner. The cue sticks used in a game of pool are traditionally much longer than those used in Billiards and they are also much thinner with a smaller tip. In modern times the standard table size is around 7 feet by 3.5 feet, however some traditional tables can reach as much as 10 feet as well as personal tables can be found at a smaller size of 6 feet to facilitate home usage and not take up too much space.